This is an international declaration signed on 28 October 1835 which recognises the sovereignty of the Independent Tribes of New Zealand. It was the forerunner of the Treaty of Waitangi and has a flag to symbolise tribal rights to trade as independent nations.
On 3 Feb an English-language draft of the Treaty is prepared by Hobson, Freeman (Hobsonís secretary) and Busby. (Ian Wards, Shadow of the Land, Wellington, 1968, 42 also gives the names of J R Clendon and A Brown as participants at this stage). This first English-language draft has not survived.
Since the inception of Treaty education in 1986, there has been continued debate about the process of providing parallel Treaty workshops for Māori and Pakeha. This debate has ranged across all cultural lines as we continually struggle with radically different ideas about dealing with issues emerging from our colonial history. The writer has been part of the evolution of this process and has led every conceivable combination of workshop during the past eight years. From this experience, and in constant dialogue with Kai Tahu, a policy of providing parallel Treaty workshops for Pakeha and Māori emerged.